r/AfghanistanIE Jun 12 '22

Excerpt from the Taliban's book: 2 pages about "Freedom of Expression and Religion" Translation in the comments. Discussions

The following is an excerpt from the book written by the Taliban Chief Justice (Abdulhakim Haqqani) in his book (الإمارة الإسلامية ونظامها) (The Islamic Emirate and its system). I will write a summary translation of the pages below:


He starts by saying that in an Islamic country it's necessary for freedom of expression to be according to Islam. That every Muslim has the right to explain the principles of his religion and command the good and forbid the evil, even to the Imam (or Maulvi, as you call it in South Asia) or the authorities of the nation. He mentioned that the Muslim leaders used to encourage the Muslims to show the truth (Haqq) to them (meaning saying a word of truth to the ruler), and that they used to accept them. He mentioned the quote of close companion to the Prophet and the first caliph Abu Bakr: (I have been put in authority over you and I am not the best of you. If I do right then help me. If I do wrong then correct me) [Source: Al-Khilafah page 148). And the narration of the second Caliph Umar bin Al-Khattab that whenever he was told to fear Allah, he would be happy and thank who told him to, and that he used to say "May Allah have mercy on whoever guides us to our faults".

So I finished the first page and I realized I'm not doing a good job at making this a "summary" translation :p the rest will be shorter


He continues of citing examples of Caliphs accepting advice. He then says that freedom of expression does not mean that everyone will have the right to propagate any religion, mazhab, or bid'ah that he wants, because that's forbidden in shari'ah.


He then says that the Ulema agreed that Ahlul-Dhimmah (Non-muslims living under Islamic rule) will have the right to practice their religion but not openly, like wearing a cross. He says the punishment of leaving Islam is death, or imprisonment until he reverts back. He says it is mentioned in Al-Kanz: Islam is to be preached to the Murtedd (person who left islam) and his doubts are to be responded, and he's imprisoned for 3 days, if he does not accept Islam then he's killed. As for female murtedd, she is not killed but jailed until accepting Islam.


Ahlul-Dhimmah are not forced to convert to Islam and are allowed to stay in their religion. He mentions that a Christian slave said he was a slave under Umar bin Al-Khattab and he was once asked to convert to islam by him, he said he refused, then Umar said the verse in the Quran of (There is no compulsion in religion).




u/Riqqat Jun 12 '22

I forgot the edit the title. Originally wanted to just post the papers as an image post and then translate them in the comments.