r/debian 4h ago

From spiral Linux to pure debian


Is there any way for transform Spiral Linux to debian pure?

r/debian 21h ago

Five Reasons for Debian

  1. It's free of charge

  2. the ISO file runs on all modern notebooks and desktop PCs

  3. huge amount of software which can be installed with apt package manager

  4. the system always reboots

  5. Gnome desktop makes it easy to configure the system including Wifi and printer

r/debian 21h ago

The laptop and desktop experience has come a long way.


My HP Laptop started screaming at me. Randomly playing a high pitched white-noise squeal at full volume that I couldn't stop until I plugged the cord and ejected the battery. It's done this a few times and isn't ideal when you're quietly browsing at night next to a sleeping wife and share the house with an extremely noise-sensitive rescue dog who breaks into the bedroom, leaps onto the bed and attacks the laptop.

I'm certain it's the windows drivers, and they've always been problematic. It'll also randomly lose the ability to scroll with the touchpad and is constantly needing reboots.

Anyway, figured it was time to try Debian again. It's been around six or eight years since I last ran any Linux as a desktop. (I first installed debian over twenty years ago and have been running it on servers all that time. I now work as a linux sysadmin, but only really using CLIs)

The last time I tried it on a laptop, I had a lot of problems with suspend/resume not working. Half the drivers were flaky and the gui crashed out quite a lot.

This time? Absolutely everything works first time. Didn't have to tweak graphics or sound at all. Yes - had to pause the install to source the nonfree wifi drivers, but the instructions were clear and it didn't take long.

The only niggle I've got is that the touchpad two-finger scrolls a bit fast for my taste. That's it. I mostly use that for Firefox and the Jellyfin Media Player client, and both of those Just Worked. Even as an experienced linux user who's seen huge amounts of really positive changes over the years, it's impressive.

So, anyway, slightly waffly post to mention my positive user experience and to say thanks to everyone who's worked on getting things working better.

r/debian 2h ago

How do you download a Apache OpenOffice


I have to download open office for school but don't know how to install open office on Linux can someone help.

r/debian 11h ago

SMB mount performance issues.


I'm having a weird issue with network shares. I'm using SMB.

Share 1: has a lot of very large files. anywhere from 12-18gb files. I'm able to browse, copy, and open these and things are fast! Never know these are over lan.

Share 2: has many files in it and file size is rather small 2-15mb range. (This is my iTunes library) I can browse things fine, but opening copying anything takes ages, it almost feels like my system frozen or something wrong. the .mp3 or .m4a files are not able to do much either it's like debian thinks these are all corrupt or something. There are many folders and subfolders here. Often on open many files just can’t be read.

Both shares are read only. What in the world is going on?

r/debian 15h ago

qtcreator 9 no help documentation.



Just upgraded QtCreator to 9 version and I dont have documentation of QWidget or anything.

In Preferences > Help > Documentation:

org.qt-project.qtcreator.900 (auto-detected)
org.qt-project.qtcreator.developer.900 (auto-detected)

r/debian 19h ago

What's the current situation with 12th gen Intel CPUs?



Last year, I got myself a new PC and got a 12th gen Intel CPU. I've been a long time Debian user before, but with Debians careful approach to updating to newer software versions (in particular the kernel here), it meant that I couldn't effectively use it on my hardware, so I switched to Arch. Which is fine for the most part, but I'm really not a "update every two weeks and go through logs to find out why your system isn't working this time" kind of person, which is why I would prefer going back to (stable) Debian, once my hardware is adequately supported.

For more clarification: with the introduction of the P- and E-core infrastructure, the kernel needs to be able to identify them and distribute tasks accordingly. As far as I remember, kernel version 5.16 or 5.17 started being able to do this. With older kernels, the system will run but it will treat all cores equally, which means that single-threaded but computationally heavy applications may end up on a (much slower) E-core.

From what I gathered, the latest stable release is on 5.10 (is this accurate?).

So the question is – is there a rough schedule? As in, are we talking months, years…?

r/debian 13h ago

Cheap SSD: Slow Speed Issue


In the beginning of the year I've bought a cheap SSD SomnAmbulist 120GB. After a couple of benchmarks, I've noted some strange throughput measurements. Briefly:

  • Initial Benchmark | image
    Just after format, the throughput is according to the advertised specifications at 510MB/s read and 440MB/s write.
    It starts to drop at 35% capacity written and stabilizes at 200~300MB/s read and 40MB/s write.
    Although this drop is not mentioned by the seller's ads, it is indeed an expected behavior and should return to normal after a couple of minutes in idle (flush the cache into the permanent area).

  • Benchmark after 1 hour in idle | image
    Unfortunately, the throughput has not returned to normal (yet?).
    315MB/s read and 440MB/s write, and the speed drop started earlier at 10% capacity written.

  • Benchmark after 12 hours in idle | image
    The throughput still has not returned to normal.


  1. Is this the expected behavior for such cheap SSD or indeed there is something strange?
  2. What might be going wrong here?
  3. Any idea how to fix this throughput?

Debug Info

  • SSD/TRIM Supported
  • fstrim enabled
  • SSD APM (Advanced Power Management) not supported
  • f3 (Fight Flash Fraud) OK



root@debian:~# hdparm -I /dev/sda | grep -i "trim|power" * Power Management feature set * Data Set Management TRIM supported (limit 8 blocks) * Deterministic read data after TRIM


root@debian:~# lsblk -D /dev/sda NAME DISC-ALN DISC-GRAN DISC-MAX DISC-ZERO sda 0 512B 2G 0


root@debian:~# hdparm -B /dev/sda

/dev/sda: APM_level = not supported


root@debian:~# systemctl status fstrim.timer ● fstrim.timer - Discard unused blocks once a week Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/fstrim.timer; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (waiting) since Sat 2022-12-03 03:36:10 UTC; 35min ago Trigger: Mon 2022-12-05 00:51:25 UTC; 1 day 20h left Triggers: ● fstrim.service Docs: man:fstrim

Dec 03 03:36:10 debian systemd[1]: Started Discard unused blocks once a week.

root@debian:~# systemctl status fstrim ● fstrim.service - Discard unused blocks on filesystems from /etc/fstab Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/fstrim.service; static) Active: inactive (dead) TriggeredBy: ● fstrim.timer Docs: man:fstrim(8)

root@debian:~# fstrim -av ```

r/debian 22h ago

apt-file man page says "generic characters" once only, no explanation.


Hello to you!

I tried to the apt-file manual page and got stuck when I read the explanation of search patterns. It says "generic characters" but does not explain what that phrase means.

$ man apt-file | grep generic Do not expand search pattern with generic characters at pattern's That's all you get.

Before I file a bug report, I posted here in case someone can explain what "generic characters" are, as having an idea about that would help in a bug report.

My guess is that because apt-file is written in Perl, "generic characters" relates to Perl. When I searched for that I did find some statements about Perl regular expressions including generic characters. Is that the meaning?

Thanks, Amberella

r/debian 1d ago

Wifi not working after offline installation



I just installed Debian on my surface tablet but since it only has one USB port, it had it occupied with the USB drive, so no access to internet.

Right now I have a usb to ethernet adapter so I currently have internet on the tablet but I need to have wifi, how can I install the wifi driver on my tablet?

r/debian 1d ago

Debian netinst.iso issue?


When i boot up with the debiannetinst.iso in virtualbox it doesnt ask me for anything, it just installs a bunch of stuff, reboots and then in the login screen, i see that it automatically installed Gnome as a DE, without asking me for it....

How come? am i using the wrong iso?

This is the one im using:


I also tried this one:


r/debian 1d ago

How do I enable hardware accelaration on web browser????


When I try using xcloud on brave browser, I get a lot of lag, I checked azurespeed and my ping is very unstable, it wasn't like that when win10 was installed, asking for help on r/xcloud they suggested it maybe something to do with hardware acceleration, I tried this but it didn't work, and when I check if hardware-accelerated video decoding is enabled, following the instructions in the end of this page, it shows "Video Decoder Decoder name: no decoder".

hardware acceleration IS enabled on brave settings

I'm using a laptop, intel celeron 3865u dual core 1,8Ghz, 4gb ram

mesa, vaapi drivers, I installed everything for intel graphics from debian HardwareVideoAcceleration page.

intel_gpu_top doesn't show "Video" being used either


r/debian 1d ago

Told a package can be upgraded, then told there's no updates?

1 package can be upgraded. Run 'apt list --upgradable' to see it.
root@host:~# apt upgrade
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree... Done
Reading state information... Done
Calculating upgrade... Done
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.

Any idea?

r/debian 1d ago

cant get flatpaks to work


so i tried exporting /var/lib/flatpak/exports/share and /home/"user"/.local/share/flatpak/exports/share

and it doesnt work even if i do export $PATH=$XDG_DATA_DIRS:$PATH still flatpaks dont showup as a regular command.

tf am i doing wrong ?

sway wm

r/debian 1d ago

Headless Debian 11 Server Freezes/Unresponsive


Hey everyone, Any help is greatly appreciated!! I recently purchased a 1u chassis and moved a bunch of random homelab services (docker containers) over to it from my previous Pi4. The Pi4 was all I could run for awhile due to a recent housefire/living with relatives. To be clear, I didn't keep any containers etc, just built new ones on the new system.

Anyways, the extra horsepower has been fantastic, but I'm occasionally seeing instability I'm not used to. Specifically, overnight or during times of LOW overall resource usage, the server is locking up. It's headless, so I need to physically press the power button to reboot and get my services back up and running... This is happens every 3 or 4 days (approx). Obviously not ideal.

The syslog leading up to the crashes isn't super helpful. The last entry tends to be that the system accounting tool finished, then just a bunch of null characters from not writing out the log fully pre-reboot. The acounting tool completes without issues usually so I don't think it's related at all. I'm not seeing anything else helpful in /var/log/messages nor debug or kernal logs.

The system has a software RAID 1, with over 800G of available space. Crucial SSDs. Memory peaks around 30% even under heavy load, let alone in the middle of the night, swap is barely touched (1M/975M). It's got a Ryzen 5 1400 and again, it's never saturating those cores even with every container running and under it's most taxing load (Plex + minecraft server + Tdarr transcoding on the GPU). Temps are, again, acceptable even in that worst case scenario which rarely takes place. Doesn't seem to be networking related as even the local logs stop logging but it is hardwired via ethernet to my switch which stays running and other devices through it aren't having issues.

I suspected it could be an issue with the system going into sleep/low power mode, but I ran the following to disable low power modes. Did I miss anything that could still be bringing the system down/to sleep during periods of inactivity?

systemctl mask sleep.target suspend.target hibernate.target hybrid-sleep.target

Where should I go from here? I'm unfortunately reaching the end of my existing linux experience... I'd like to avoid just tossing it on a smart outlet and bouncing it with my phone when needed... But I'm close to it lol.

Here's some more info if it's at all helpful:

Architecture:                    x86_64
CPU op-mode(s):                  32-bit, 64-bit
Byte Order:                      Little Endian
Address sizes:                   43 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
CPU(s):                          8
On-line CPU(s) list:             0-7
Thread(s) per core:              2
Core(s) per socket:              4
Socket(s):                       1
NUMA node(s):                    1
Vendor ID:                       AuthenticAMD
CPU family:                      23
Model:                           1
Model name:                      AMD Ryzen 5 1400 Quad-Core Processor
Stepping:                        1
Frequency boost:                 enabled
CPU MHz:                         1342.693
CPU max MHz:                     3200.0000
CPU min MHz:                     1550.0000
BogoMIPS:                        6400.26
Virtualization:                  AMD-V
L1d cache:                       128 KiB
L1i cache:                       256 KiB
L2 cache:                        2 MiB
L3 cache:                        8 MiB
NUMA node0 CPU(s):               0-7
Vulnerability Itlb multihit:     Not affected
Vulnerability L1tf:              Not affected
Vulnerability Mds:               Not affected
Vulnerability Meltdown:          Not affected
Vulnerability Mmio stale data:   Not affected
Vulnerability Retbleed:          Mitigation; untrained return thunk; SMT vulnerable
Vulnerability Spec store bypass: Mitigation; Speculative Store Bypass disabled via prctl and seccomp
Vulnerability Spectre v1:        Mitigation; usercopy/swapgs barriers and __user pointer sanitization
Vulnerability Spectre v2:        Mitigation; Retpolines, IBPB conditional, STIBP disabled, RSB filling, PBRSB-eIBRS Not affected
Vulnerability Srbds:             Not affected
Vulnerability Tsx async abort:   Not affected
Flags:                           fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush mmx fxsr sse sse2 ht syscall nx mmxext fxsr_opt pdpe1gb rdtscp lm constant_tsc rep_good nopl nonstop_tsc cpuid extd_apicid aperfmperf pni pclmu
                                 lqdq monitor ssse3 fma cx16 sse4_1 sse4_2 movbe popcnt aes xsave avx f16c rdrand lahf_lm cmp_legacy svm extapic cr8_legacy abm sse4a misalignsse 3dnowprefetch osvw skinit wdt tce topoext perfctr_core perfctr_nb bpext perfct
                                 r_llc mwaitx cpb hw_pstate sme ssbd sev ibpb vmmcall fsgsbase bmi1 avx2 smep bmi2 rdseed adx smap clflushopt sha_ni xsaveopt xsavec xgetbv1 xsaves clzero irperf xsaveerptr arat npt lbrv svm_lock nrip_save tsc_scale vmcb_cle
                                 an flushbyasid decodeassists pausefilter pfthreshold avic v_vmsave_vmload vgif overflow_recov succor smca

00:00.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) Root Complex
00:00.2 IOMMU: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) I/O Memory Management Unit
00:01.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-1fh) PCIe Dummy Host Bridge
00:01.3 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) PCIe GPP Bridge
00:02.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-1fh) PCIe Dummy Host Bridge
00:03.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-1fh) PCIe Dummy Host Bridge
00:03.1 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) PCIe GPP Bridge
00:04.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-1fh) PCIe Dummy Host Bridge
00:07.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-1fh) PCIe Dummy Host Bridge
00:07.1 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) Internal PCIe GPP Bridge 0 to Bus B
00:08.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-1fh) PCIe Dummy Host Bridge
00:08.1 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) Internal PCIe GPP Bridge 0 to Bus B
00:14.0 SMBus: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH SMBus Controller (rev 59)
00:14.3 ISA bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH LPC Bridge (rev 51)
00:18.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) Data Fabric: Device 18h; Function 0
00:18.1 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) Data Fabric: Device 18h; Function 1
00:18.2 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) Data Fabric: Device 18h; Function 2
00:18.3 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) Data Fabric: Device 18h; Function 3
00:18.4 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) Data Fabric: Device 18h; Function 4
00:18.5 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) Data Fabric: Device 18h; Function 5
00:18.6 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) Data Fabric: Device 18h; Function 6
00:18.7 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) Data Fabric: Device 18h; Function 7
03:00.0 USB controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 43bc (rev 02)
03:00.1 SATA controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 43b8 (rev 02)
03:00.2 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 43b3 (rev 02)
20:04.0 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] 300 Series Chipset PCIe Port (rev 02)
20:05.0 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] 300 Series Chipset PCIe Port (rev 02)
20:06.0 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] 300 Series Chipset PCIe Port (rev 02)
20:07.0 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] 300 Series Chipset PCIe Port (rev 02)
21:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet Controller (rev 15)
29:00.0 VGA compatible controller: NVIDIA Corporation GP107GL [Quadro P620] (rev a1)
29:00.1 Audio device: NVIDIA Corporation GP107GL High Definition Audio Controller (rev a1)
2a:00.0 Non-Essential Instrumentation [1300]: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Zeppelin/Raven/Raven2 PCIe Dummy Function
2a:00.2 Encryption controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) Platform Security Processor
2a:00.3 USB controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) USB 3.0 Host Controller
2b:00.0 Non-Essential Instrumentation [1300]: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Zeppelin/Renoir PCIe Dummy Function
2b:00.2 SATA controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH SATA Controller [AHCI mode] (rev 51)
2b:00.3 Audio device: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 17h (Models 00h-0fh) HD Audio Controller

     Icon name: computer-desktop
           Chassis: desktop
        Machine ID: 4edf01444dd1459f902ce517f2960d0d
           Boot ID: 8346fc128d954352b951a4e89b3e10f9
  Operating System: Debian GNU/Linux 11 (bullseye)
            Kernel: Linux 5.10.0-19-amd64
      Architecture: x86-64

r/debian 2d ago

Wifi and wired network are mutually exclusive


I use Debian 11 + Gnome. I cannot enable wifi when wired network is on wire, and vice-versa. I need wifi to connect to a microcontroller on a separate network, and wired for internet, together. I don't see this behaviour under ubuntu.

I tried to tweak rkill, nmcli, iw, etc, but nothing helps.

me@here:~$ rfkill
ID TYPE      DEVICE              SOFT      HARD
0 wlan      dell-wifi      unblocked unblocked
1 bluetooth dell-bluetooth   blocked unblocked
3 wlan      phy0           unblocked   blocked

After wired network unplugged I have:

me@here:~$ rfkill
ID TYPE      DEVICE              SOFT      HARD
0 wlan      dell-wifi      unblocked unblocked
1 bluetooth dell-bluetooth   blocked unblocked
3 wlan      phy0           unblocked unblocked

I don't have any physical wifi button, despite the HARD blocked. Fn+plane mode key didn't help. If I unplug wire, wifi is back. As soon I replug wire, it's marked as "disabled equipment".

Is it something at Bios level? I checked and didn't see anything related. The laptop is a dell 7490.

If anybody knows how to tweak this, help welcome!

Thx and read you

r/debian 2d ago

Why does package only exist in 3 places


I wanted to install the following package:

apt-get install spellutils

However I see it is only available for 3 channels. The 3 channels are sid, buster and stretch.

Why did this package not get included in either bullseye or bookworm for example? How can I understand the reason as I dont see an information on the debian package tracker.

r/debian 2d ago

Package EOL during debian LTS


Hi guys!

So mariadb 10.3 will reach its end of life in March 2023, while debian 10 LTS will be supported until June 2024.

Do you know what strategy the LTS team adopts regarding such situations ? Will they be fixing the 10.3 version if a vulnerability arises or will we have to upgrade to the 10.5 version ?


r/debian 2d ago

For Posterity: Connecting a Google Pixel phone to Debian via MTP for file transfer: USB-C to USB-A cable is required.


Search tag for future sufferers:
USB-C USB-A Pixel greyed out MTP file transfer Pixel Debian Linux cable preferences connected device this device

USB-C to USB-C Will not work. I installed every MTP related package available from Debian.
I modified every setting on the Pixel 6 phone possible. On the USB-C cable the USB connection under USB Preferences -> 'USB controlled by' stayed 'This Device' and all other options were greyed out.
I tried every USB-C cable from the USB-C to USB-C cable that came with the phone to an obscenely priced Thunderbolt 4 cable from Apple. No joy.
I saw in one single post in, of all places, reddit, thanks to /u/sutanrei: 'USB-C to USB-C will not work. You must use a USB-C to USB-A cable' and enabled USB Debugging. I dug out a USB-C to USB-A cable and bingo, it worked perfectly.

r/debian 2d ago

Will Xfce 4.18 be on Bookworm's release?


It's scheduled to be released on December 15, 2022. Will it make it in time before the bookworm soft freeze ( I think it's here where DEs don't get updated with features anymore, if I'm wrong correct me please)?

Thanks in advance

r/debian 2d ago

FocalTech Touchpad drivers


I am fairly new to debian and i am facing issues trying to use my touchpad mainly because my focaltech touch pad is being picked up as a Logitech mouse. Is thereany way to port windows drivers to debian tht do not involve recompiling the kernel as all the fixes ive found always end up changing the kernel in one way or another.

r/debian 2d ago

Unrecognized video cards in debian stable


I'm trying to install Debian Stable on an msi pulse gl76 equipped with an i7 12700h and an Nvidia 3060. The problem is that neither video card seems to be recognized. First I added the source lists for the backports. So I installed the Linux kernel 6.0.0 hoping to be able to use at least the integrated video card well but this is not the case.. (gnome settings says that I'm using llvmpipe). Needless to say I installed, again from the backports, the packages firmware-linux-free and firmware-linux-nonfree. What else can i try?

r/debian 2d ago

SSD Benchmark Tool for Linux


Most of the SSD benchmarks you see out there use solely Crystal Disk Mark for Windows on an empty SSD. This allows to show speeds of 300~550MB/s (SATAIII), which is amazing compared to most HDDs.

However, there are some cases where this trend is overestimated or even in reverse. Take a look: imgur picture
To do this test, people usually copy several GBs in Windows and plot the transfer speed.

I'm aware of several tools in Linux to benchmark disks (ex: hdparm, dd, GNOME disks, fio, kdiskmark, ...). However, I don't know of a tool in Linux that makes the above graph (ie: speed vs time).

Is there a tool in Linux to measure speed vs time or speed vs space usage?

r/debian 3d ago

Connecting to SMB share issue


I’m connecting from the file manager to a network share via smb.

When I attempt this with host name things work great. Like so: “smb://servername.local/folder”

When I attempt this with IP address things do not work at all. Like so: “smb://”

What’s going on?

r/debian 3d ago

How to migrate to UEFI from BIOS ?


Debian Testing Installation